August 20, National Day of Hungary

New bread in Ibrany, Hungary. Photo: Andrea Gerak
New bread in Ibrany, Hungary

August 20 is one of Hungary’s three national holidays – somehow, personally I have always found it the nicest one, and it is the official national holiday for the country, since 1991. (The other two are March 15 and October 23.)
Augusztus huszadika Magyarorszag egyik nemzeti unnepe a harom kozul – szamomra valahogyan mindig ez volt a legszebb, es 1991 ota ez az orszag hivatalos nemzeti unnepe.

The meaning of this day has changed over the times: in the socialist era when I grew up, it was to celebrate the Constitution.
Eme nap jelentese valtozott az idok soran: a szocializmusban (en meg abban nottem fel) az Alkotmany Unnepenek hivtak.

Nowadays, it can be called a triple celebration:
Manapsag harmasunnepnek is lehet nevezni:

  1. Day of the New Bread: the first bread from this year’s harvest is baked and blessed. Traditionally, it had been done in July, from the Middle Ages.
    Az Uj Kenyer Unnepe: az idei aratasbol eloszor sutott kenyer es annak megaldasa. Hagyomanyosan ezt juliusban tettek, mar a kozepkortol.
  2. St Stephen‘s Day: remembering Stephen I, the first king of Hungary and founder of the Kingdom of Hungary, who was canonized on August 20th (five days after his death), 1038 by Pope Gregory VII.
    Szent Istvan Napja: I. Istvan, allamalapito kiralyunk emlekezetere, akit 1038. augusztus 20-an, ot nappal halala utan VII. Gergely papa szentkent ismert el.
  3. Foundation of the State; the date of the communist Constitution was August 20 in 1949, and therefore in the decades after, it was also called Constitution Day or also, Day of the Foundation of the State. Kind of like the Hungarian 4th of July. The reason for it is simple: in the communist era, it seemed more convenient to celebrate something that was not associated with the country having been a kingdom with the blessing of the highest Christian dignity, for about 1000 years, but by something which gave credits to the ruling communist party.
    Allamalapitas Napja: a kommunista Alkotmany kibocsatasanak datuma 1949. augusztus 20., es igy az azt koveto evtizedekben az Alkotmany Napjanak is hivtak, vagy az Allamalapitas Napjanak. Ennek egyszeru az oka: a kommunizmusban sokkal megfelelobbnek tunt olyasmit unnepelni, aminek nem volt koze ahhoz, hogy az orszag korulbelul 1000 evig kiralysag volt a legmagasabb kereszteny meltosag aldasaval, hanem inkabb olyasmit, ami a kommunista partot ismerte el.
St Stepehn's statue / Szent Istvan szobor, Ibrany
Ibrany (HU): St Stephen’s statue / Szent Istvan szobor
St Stephen's statue in Budapest,
Budapest: St Stephen’s statue at the Fisherman Bastion, by Alajos Strobl / Szent Istvan szobra (Strobl Alajos muve) a Halaszbastyan

On this day, there are many festive programs all over the country, so if you happen to be in Hungary (or anywhere else in the world with a more active Hungarian community), you can certainly have a wonderful day or long weekend.
Ezen a napon rengeteg unnepi programban lehet reszunk az egesz orszagban, ugyhogy ha eppen Magyarorszagon vagy, biztos, hogy csodalatos napod vagy epp hosszu hetveged lesz.

One thing to do is the magnificent fireworks in Budapest. This is from last year, enjoy:
Egyik, amivel erdemes eltolteni az idonket: a fenseges budapesti tuzijatek. Ez a tavalyi, kellemes szorakozast:

If you liked this post, please share it away, thanks!
Ha tetszett, kerlek, oszd meg, koszonom!


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